General electives can be selected from all the courses offered at Koç University.

ARHA 410 / ARCHAEOLOGICAL METHOD AND THEORY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition: ARHA. 122 and CPAP 100

Examines the different theoretical approaches to archaeology and the methods and theories employed in fieldwork and data analysis. Contemporary issues in archaeology and how the purpose and subject of archaeology has changed over time. Archaeology's relationship with other social and natural sciences.

ARHA 411 / ARCHAEOLOGICAL METHODS AND THEORY II
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition: (ARHA. 122 or ARHA. 201 or ARHA. 202 or ARHA. 317) or consent of the instructor

Archaeological method and theory with emphasis on the principles and practice of Anatolian archaeology. Topics include: survey and excavation methods and associated recording techniques, the instrumental analysis and interpretation of various kinds of excavated materials, and the presentation and publication of archaeological results.

ARHA 414 / HERITAGE AND DIPLOMACY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Examines the history and importance of diplomacy in cultural and natural heritage studies. Trains students in the applications of policy and law in the management of heritage, particularly international and transnational agreements with examples from the Balkans, Mediterranean, Middle East and Asia.

ARHA 417 / THE ROMAN MEDITERRAINAN
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Focus on the role Romans played within the broader Mediterranean landscape between its origin in the 8th century BC and Late Antiquity. Study of written sources and material remains showing how a process of interchange and exchange of ideas developed parallel with the gradual expansion of Roman power. Attention to the way Rome affected the life, architecture and art in areas that came under its dominion, but also to the impact foreign elements had on Roman society and material culture in its broad sense.

ARHA 421 / PAINTING IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Introduction to painting in the Ottoman Empire through the centuries, the art of miniature painting, manuscript illustration and album making in the Ottoman palace, the formation of a distinctive style developed through the interactions of the visual traditions of the East and West. The adoption of new techniques and styles such as murals and canvas painting as a result of encounters with Western art.

ARHA 422 / THE ART AND ARCHITECTURE OF THE ISLAMIC WORLD
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Survey of the art and architecture of the Umayyad, Abbasids, Fatamids, Mongols, Seljuks, Timurids, Safavids, Mughals, and Ottomans. The period from the foundation of the Ottoman Empire to the founding of the Turkish Republic is given special emphasis.

ARHA 425 / INTRODUCTION TO HITTITE
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Aims to teach to beginners the Hittite cuneiform writing system and the essentials of the grammar of the Hittite language. Topics include the emergence and development of the cuneiform writing system, the decipherment of the Hittite cuneiform writing, Hittite Language and its decipherment, the sign repertory of the Hittite cuneiform, exercises in cuneiform; writing and reading, phonetic peculiarities of the Hittite language, nominal structure of Hittite; inflection, substantives and adjectives, categories of pronouns, verbal structure of Hittite; conjugation, voices and tenses.

ARHA 426 / INTRODUCTION TO LUWIAN
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Aims to teach to the beginners the Anatolian hieroglyphs and the basics of the Luwian grammar. Topics include the origins and development of the Anatolian hieroglyphs, the sign repertory of the Anatolian hieroglyphs, nominal and verbal structure of Luwian, some simple texts and excerpts from inscriptions.

ARHA 432 / ILLUSTRATION
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Contemporary issues in relation to drawing and illustration: creation of an image, sequential visual narrative, content. Utilizing drawing, printmaking, metaphor and visual thinking. Production via digital and traditional media.

ARHA 437 / EUROPE AND THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE: CULTURAL ENCOUNTERS THROUGH THE CENTURIES
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Interactions between Europe and the Ottoman World through the centuries. Ottoman political presence in Europe and its impact on European culture starting with the 15th century. The "image of the Turk" in Europe shifting in the following centuries with different political alliances and different economic interests. The changes in Ottoman interest in the west starting in the 17th century, introduction of westernisms in technology, social life and the arts in view of political and economic relations.

ARHA 440 / HISTORIOGRAPHY AND THEORY OF ART HISTORY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition: ARHA. 121 or consent of the instructor

The theoretical issues that have shaped scholarly approaches to the history of art; the history of the development of Art History as a discipline. The different methodologies currently used in the study of the history of art and visual culture.

ARHA 450 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.

ARHA 451 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.

ARHA 452 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.

ARHA 453 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.

ARHA 454 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.

ARHA 455 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.

ARHA 456 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.

ARHA 457 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.

ARHA 458 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.

ARHA 459 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.

ARHA 461 / EUROPEAN ART AND ARCHITECTURE I
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

A survey of European art, architecture and visual culture from the early modern era to World War One. Various aspects of the visual culture of Europe will be examined within its cultural, social, and political contexts.

ARHA 462 / EUROPEAN ART AND ARCHITECTURE II
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

A survey of European art, architecture and visual culture from World War One to the present. Various aspects of the visual culture of Europe will be examined within its cultural, social, and political contexts.

ARHA 465 / DATA MANAGEMENT IN ARCHITECTURAL HISTORY, ART AND ARCHAEOLOGY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Understanding the need for and different techniques to organize and manage cultural heritage data. Theoretical and practical instruction in data management systems such as Geographical Information Systems, inventory tracking and organization programs for cultural institutions such as museums.