General electives can be selected from all the courses offered at Koç University.

ARHA 467 / GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS)
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition: CPAP 100

Technical training in how to use Geographic Information Systems (GIS) software to enter, manage, manipulate, and display data. Theoretical and practical frameworks within which GIS is applied. Analytical tools in GIS to address geospatially significant questions in social sciences and humanities fields (e.g., archaeology, history, art history, sociology, migration studies).

ARHA 470 / CULTURAL HISTORY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Examines theoretical and working paradigms from anthropology, art history and critical theory to explore different approaches to selected issues in cultural history.

ARHA 471 / MODERN HISTORIOGRAPHY OF THE LATE ANTIQUE AND BYZANTINE WORLDS
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The course examines perceptions and representations of the Late Antique and Byzantine worlds in modern times. Approaches and transformations in the study of the discipline will be analyzed. Modern methods in history writing form an integral part of the course.

ARHA 472 / LATE ANTIQUE AND BYZANTINE HISTORY WRITING
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

This course analyzes the broad range of historical documents contributing to the making of Late Antique and Byzantine histories.

ARHA 473 / CURATING CONTEMPORARY ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The role and responsibilities of the curator in contemporary art. Examination beyond galleries and museums to include an array of agencies in the creative, cultural, educational and industrial sectors and a diverse range of artistic and media forms.

ARHA 474 / OTTOMAN IMAGINATION: A CULTURAL HISTORY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Introducing the social uses of the production and the consumption of 'imaginary realms' in the early modern Ottoman Empire. Included topics: readers, writers and production of knowledge; poetry, history and political uses of remembrance; dreams, fortune-telling and establishment of social networks. Examination of recent approaches to the early modern cultural history and Ottoman studies, Ottoman sources in translation, and Ottoman architecture through class trips to historical sites.

ARHA 475 / ART AND ARCHAEOLOGY OF SELJUK PERIOD
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Introduction to the material culture of the Seljuk Period in Anatolia. Detailed examination of the architectural remains of the Seljuks, such as palaces, caravanserais, tombs, mosques, madrasas, khans and hospitals, the urbanization, art and architecture of the Seljuks.

ARHA 490 / INDEPENDENT STUDY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Investigation of one or more topics of interest with the guidance of an instructor. Presentation of a research paper or project at the end of the term

ARHA 491 / HONORS THESIS PROJECT
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Available to students with a GPA equal to or greater than 3.00 and with consent of the instructor.

ARHA 495 / INDEPENDENT STUDY
Sınıf: Credit: 1.5Precondition:

ARHA 496 / PUBLIC ARCHAEOLOGY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Bridging the scholarly knowledge of archaeology with the public; exploring diverse methods of interpretation, conservation and diverse ways to communicate archaeological information and data. Examples of public archaeology from Türkiye and abroad. Social, political and ethical issues that are surrounding archaeological investigation, interpretation and the production of knowledge.

ARHA 500 / ANATOLIAN CIVILIZATIONS I (NEOLITHIC-LATE BRONZE AGE)
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

This survey course will focus on the archaeological sequences of Türkiye (ancient Anatolia) from the Neolithic period through the Late Bronze Age and the end of the Hittite Empire. An illustrated lecture series will cover the major stages in the rise of agricultural production and a critical evaluation of models of state origins will provide the basis for our understanding of the transformation into complex state societies in Anatolia. It will cover the major theoretical issues in trade and exchange systems that form the backdrop for the prosperous Assyrian trading systems. Textual material will be integrated with the archaeological record to illuminate some of the complex relationships between the Hittite Empire in northern Anatolia and the Levant. Highlighted are the major sites such as the following: Göbeklitepe, Çatalhöyük, Alaca Höyük, Troy, Göltepe/Kestel, the GAP salvage projects, Kültepe, Acemhöyük, Alalakh, and Bogazköy

ARHA 501 / ANATOLIAN CIVILIZATIONS II: IRON AGE-ROMAN
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Material evidence and historical sources for Türkiye from the Iron Age to the Roman period. Cultures and time periods of the Neo-Hittites, Phrygians, Urartu, Lydians, Greek settlements, Persian rule in Türkiye, Hellenistic kingdoms such as Pergamon, Roman cities and settlements. For all time periods, the developments in Türkiye, within the wider context of the Mediterranean and Near Eastern regions.

ARHA 502 / ANATOLIAN CIVILIZATIONS III: LATE ROMAN - BYZANTINE
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Investigation of archaeological, art historical and historical testimonies ranging from the Late Roman through the Byzantine periods in the territories of present · day Türkiye. Examination of the ways in which lands of the Roman Empire, both cities and countryside, underwent transformations, adaptations and radical changes. Discussion on the impact early Islamic cultures bore on Eastern Anatolia and beyond. (3 credits)

ARHA 503 / ANATOLIAN CIVILIZATIONS IV (OTTOMAN-RECENT)
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

This course provides an introduction to the issues and approaches used to study the history of Ottoman art and architecture from the early Ottoman era to the establishment of the Turkish Republic and the world of contemporary art in Türkiye

ARHA 504 / MUSEUM STUDIES AND CULTURAL HERITAGE MANAGEMENT I
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

An introduction to the practical and theoretical aspects of working in and with a variety of museum institutions and cultural heritage institutions in Türkiye and abroad. The course is organized in modules and taught by local faculty and visiting experts from museums and cultural heritage institutions around the world.

ARHA 505 / MUSEUM STUDIES AND CULTURAL HERITAGE MANAGEMENT II
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

An introduction to the practical and theoretical aspects of working in and with a variety of museum institutions and cultural heritage institutions in Türkiye and abroad. The course is organized in modules and taught by local faculty and visiting experts from museums and cultural heritage institutions around the world.

ARHA 506 / ARCHAEOLOGICAL METHODS AND THEORY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

This course covers theoretical approaches and methods used in the design and implementation of archaeological field research and data analysis. It focuses on the principles that archaeologists use to explain human cultural development from the material record of the past. Questions considered will include: What is archaeology and what are its aims? Is there a coherent body of archaeological theory to which most archaeologists subscribe? What appears to be the most productive theoretical approaches for understanding and interpreting the past?

ARHA 507 / ARCHAEOLOGICAL METHODS AND THEORY II
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Archaeological method and theory with emphasis on the principles and practice of Anatolian archaeology. Topics include: survey and excavation methods and associated recording techniques, the instrumental analysis and interpretation of various kinds of excavated materials, and the presentation and publication of archaeological results.

ARHA 508 / ADVANCED HISTORIOGRAPHY AND THEORY OF ART HISTORY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

This course examines the concepts and methodology of art historical study and their application to the visual arts of different periods and regions, including the historical and philosophical foundations of contemporary criticism and theory.

ARHA 509 / MODERN HISTORIOGRAPHY OF THE LATE ANTIQUE AND BYZANTINE WORLDS
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The course examines perceptions and representations of the Late Antique and Byzantine worlds in modern times. Approaches and transformations in the study of the discipline will be analyzed. Modern methods in history writing form an integral part of the course.

ARHA 510 / RESEARCH SEMINAR
Sınıf: Credit: 0Precondition:

Students present their research and MA thesis proposals. Learn about research methods, publication ethics and improve their writing planning. Graduate students participate in the seminars given by Archaeology and History of Art program faculty and visiting fellows at the Center for Anatolian Civilizations

ARHA 512 / ARCHAEOLOGY OF STATE SOCIETIES
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

This course will critically examine the changing perspectives on the origins of state societies. The issues addressed will include the formation and organization of states and the political, economic and social structures that underlie the functioning and maintenance of large political systems. The multiplicity of states and urban landscapes and the spatial layout of neighborhoods will be explored with special reference to the concepts of ethnicity, identity, gender, class and kinship ties.

ARHA 513 / ANCIENT EMPIRES
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

This course will take a comparative approach to the study of empires. It will consider topics such as empire formation, expansion and collapse, the organization of empires, and cultural interactions.