General electives can be selected from all the courses offered at Koç University.

ARHA 515 / AEGEAN BRONZE AGE
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Art and archaeology of the Aegean during the Bronze Age. This course analyzes the art, history, architecture and material culture of Western Anatolia, Mainland Greece, the Aegean Islands, Crete and Cyprus during the Bronze Age (ca. 3000-1090 BC). Early-Late Helladic Material culture, art and architecture; Cycladic art and its origin, Minoan palaces and art; Mycenaean citadels; Bronze Age of Western Anatolia.

ARHA 517 / THE ROMAN MEDITERRANEAN
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Focus on the role Romans played within the broader Mediterranean landscape between its origin in the 8th century BC and Late Antiquity. Study of written sources and material remains showing how a process of interchange and exchange of ideas developed parallel with the gradual expansion of Roman power. Attention to the way Rome affected the life, architecture and art in areas that came under its dominion, but also to the impact foreign elements had on Roman society and material culture in its broad sense.

ARHA 518 / ECONOMIC ARCHAEOLOGY (PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY AND TRADE)
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

This course will focus on ancient economic systems. The course will begin by exploring different perceptual and analytical orientations and debates that underlie economic anthropology. Concepts such as gift-giving, reciprocity, trade, commodities, market and non-market economies, household economies, labor, exchange and trade, and money will be explored with archaeological or ethnographic case studies. Students will learn to critically evaluate Western interpretations in economic procedures and will become acquainted with cross-cultural practices from today and the past.

ARHA 520 / LATE ANTIQUE AND BYZANTINE HISTORY WRITING
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

This course analyzes the broad range of historical documents contributing to the making of Late Antique and Byzantine histories.

ARHA 522 / PAINTING IN OTTOMAN EMPIRE
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Introduction to painting in the Ottoman Empire through the centuries, the art of miniature painting, manuscript illustration and album making in the Ottoman palace, the formation of a distinctive style developed through the interactions of the visual traditions of the East and West. The adoption of new techniques and styles such as murals and canvas painting as a result of encounters with Western art.

ARHA 523 / THE ART AND ARCHITECTURE OF THE ISLAMIC WORLD
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Survey of the art and architecture of the Umayyad, Abbasids, Fatamids, Mongols, Seljuks, Timurids, Safavids, Mughals, and Ottomans. The period from the foundation of the Ottoman Empire to the founding of the Turkish Republic is given special emphasis.

ARHA 525 / THE CRUSADES IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN (1095-1291)
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

This course will examine the roots of the crusading movement in Western Christian society; the ways in which the crusades brought three world cultures (Western Europe, Byzantium and the Islamic Near East) into contact and confrontation; the type of cultural interaction that took place and the impact of the crusades in the societies of the Eastern Mediterranean.

ARHA 526 / MATERIAL AND TEXTUAL EVIDENCE ON LATE ANTIQUE AND BYZANTINE URBAN STUDIES
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Exploring the evidence about the shaping and transformation of urban settlements in the Late Antique and Byzantine Worlds. Analysis of urban archaeology and material culture along with textual evidence will. Study of suburban spaces and of settlement archaeology. Examination of a broad range of cities and towns.

ARHA 527 / CONSTANTINOPLE (330-1453)
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The history and the archaeology of the Byzantine imperial capital from its foundation to the Ottoman conquest. The functions of the built environment in relation to both historical time and urban space: the imperial palaces, the public churches, civic ritual and entertainment, economic and social services, the provision of welfare and defense, and the role of monasteries in the life of the community.

ARHA 530 / SELECTED TOPICS IN EUROPEAN ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

ARHA 531 / LATE OTTOMAN AND EARLY REPUBLICAN ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Ottoman modernism and the historical and cultural transformation in the 18th and 19th centuries will be discussed in view of the artistic developments. How Western modality penetrated into the cultural sphere and how borrowings led to the birth of new techniques, forms and styles in the art and architecture of the 18th and 19th centuries leading to the early Republican Period will be the main theme in the course including a critical discourse of the concepts of 'modernism' and 'westernization' and 'national identity'

ARHA 533 / ISLAMIC EMPIRES: COMPARATIVE STUDY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

This seminar examines different empires in the Islamic world of one specific era from a comparative perspective, focusing on the cultural and artistic exchanges and interactions between them. Special case studies may include the age of empires (Ottomans, Safavids, Mughals), fortifications and frontiers in the medieval Islamic world, Gender and art in the Islamic World and the like.

ARHA 535 / WESTERNIZATION OR MODERNIZATION? THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE IN THE 18TH AND 19TH CENTURIES
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The modernising movements in Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries and their impact on Ottoman culture and arts. The change in the Ottoman attitude towards the West starting in the 17th century resulting in the introduction of westernisms in technology, social life and the arts in view of political and economic relations with Europe. The newly introduced concepts in the cultural sphere of art works; discourse on the concepts of `modernism', `westernization', `occidentalism' and `orientalism' and the transformation in Ottoman culture and arts in the 18th and 19th centuries.

ARHA 537 / EUROPE AND THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE: CULTURAL ENCOUNTERS THROUGH THE CENTURIES
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Interactions between Europe and the Ottoman World through the centuries. Ottoman political presence in Europe and its impact on European culture starting with the 15th century. The "image of the Turk" in Europe shifting in the following centuries with different political alliances and different economic interests. The changes in Ottoman interest in the west starting in the 17th century, introduction of westernisms in technology, social life and the arts in view of political and economic relations.

ARHA 540 / FIELD STUDIES
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Under the supervision of an ACHM professor students are provided with practical experience in an excavation and/or a museum internship . This course also includes extensive academic travel with ACHM faculty to archaeological sites in Istanbul and throughout Türkiye.

ARHA 545 / INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSES I
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

A range of sophisticated equipment is increasingly used to examine materials excavated from archaeological sites. Using a thematic approach, this course will examine a series of the instruments used in these studies, focusing on fundamental principles in their operation, interpretation of the data, and archaeological case studies. Themes will include analysis of ancient diet, migration, manufacturing techniques, provenance, and genetics. Instruments used provide information about bulk characteristics, elemental composition, or isotopic ratios of ancient skeletal remains, artifacts, and other residues of human activity. A laboratory component will provide students with an opportunity to develop archaeological conclusions from instrumental data. The course will deepen students? appreciation for the array of information that can be derived from remains of past societies, and for the challenges in interpreting these data.

ARHA 546 / INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSES II
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Fundamental principles of a wide range of instrumental techniques in spectroscopy, chromatography, electrochemistry, thermal analysis and surface analysis. Lab component. Scanning Electron (SEM) microscopy.

ARHA 549 / ARCHAEOZOOLOGY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

This course offers advanced level training in archaeozoological method and theory. The objective of this course is to help students develop skills in theory- and model-building by merging the archaeozoological method and approach with what they know of other sub-disciplines of archaeology. In seminar sessions students engage themselves in discussions about the recent uses and approaches of state-of-the-art interdisciplinary methodology (including isotopic and aDNA analyses and archaeomalacology) to investigate selected research topics in archaeology (e.g. maritime dispersal of early humans, Neolithization, ?secondary products revolution?, cultural contact vs. colonization, end of the Bronze Age, Dark Ages, production and distribution in historical societies etc.). In laboratory sessions students learn how to create reproducible primary archaeozoological data with the aid of modern skeletal collections, to manipulate such data by means of statistical analysis and interpret them.

ARHA 550 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

ARHA 551 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

ARHA 552 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

ARHA 553 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

ARHA 554 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

ARHA 555 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition: