General electives can be selected from all the courses offered at Koç University.

HIST 311 / HISTORY OF MODERN DIPLOMACY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Examines the evolution of modern diplomacy from the 19th century to the present. Studies topics such as the balance of power, the Concert of Europe, the secret agreements and open diplomacy. Investigates the transformation from the old to the new diplomacy including parliamentary and global diplomacy.

HIST 313 / TURKISH SOCIETY IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition: SOCI. 100 or consent of the instructor

Compares Turkish social structures since the 1920s to other societies. Topics include constitutional structures, development of the civil society, economic policies and their impact on rural-urban differentiation, the impact of trends in international development on the environment and income distribution, Istanbul as a global city, gender and ethnicity with respect to economic, political, and social rights.

HIST 314 / HISTORY OF THE BALKAN COUNTRIES
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The evolution of local nationalism, social change and its effects on political structures, and problems of economic development in the emergence of nation-states in the Balkan region.

HIST 316 / TWENTIETH CENTURY EUROPEAN HISTORY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

History of Europe from the end of the First World War up to the expansion of the European Union in the early years of the twenty-first century. The creation of nation-states after 1919, the great economic crisis of 1929-33; the emergence of Fascist movements, and the spread of Communist sympathies; the emergence of an apparently successful alternative to `capitalism? in the USSR. The Second World War and the sustained recovery of Western Europe after 1945; the making of the European Union.

HIST 317 / TRAVELS IN THE OTTOMAN HISTORY WITH EVLİYA ÇELEBİ
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition: (HIST. 203 or HIST. 204 or HIST. 214) or consent of the instructor

This course explores the world of the seventeenth-century Ottoman globe-trotter Evliya Celebi as depicted in his Seyahatname (Book of Travels). Our readings of Evliya Celebi?s travels will take us into Ottoman cities such as Salonica, Istanbul, Bursa, Aleppo and Cairo, and will offer us glimpses into various areas of the social and cultural life, such as the bath houses, coffee shops, and Sufi lodges. The aims of this course are two-fold. First to introduce the students to some of the recent trends in Ottoman historiography, especially the new approaches to urban history. And second, to provide an opportunity to work closely with a primary source and to discuss the ways in which a seventeenth century Ottoman observed, and commented upon, the life in the Ottoman Empire (and neighbouring countries). Selections will be assigned from passages available in English translation, but students who have taken Ottoman Turkish could also read them in transcription. Lectures will include a couple day-trips in Istanbul to some of the major locations described by Evliya Celebi.

HIST 323 / ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT MIDDLE EAST
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Examination of the first cities and states in the world and the earliest written records of human history. Study of the civilizations of the Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians and Assyrians through archaeological remains and historical sources.

HIST 324 / CULTURE AND SOCIETY IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Major issues in the history of the Ottoman Empire with a focus on the cultural life. Topics will include: life at the frontiers; relations between Ottomans and their neighbors; imperial ideology; the social fabric, gender, and ethnic structure; social unrest and religious movements; the new world order and the Ottoman response. Students will be encouraged to compare and contrast academic approaches to Ottoman History with its representation in historical novels and film.

HIST 325 / ROME, ROMAN CITIES AND COUNTRYSIDE
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Visual culture and built environment of Asia (China, Korea, Japan, India, Southeast Asia and Asian diaspora). Painting, sculpture, architecture, ritual objects, ceramics, textiles and other visual forms within the wider context of political, religious, social and economic developments of the region.

HIST 326 / ISLAMIC CITIES
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Development of architecture and urbanism in the Islamic world from the 7th through the 20th century. Different types of cities ranging from Spain through Central Asia. Urbanistic and formal developments as tied to social and economic changes. Major cities include Cordoba, Cairo, Istanbul, Damascus, Baghdad, Isfahan, Samarkand, and Delhi. Development of architecture and urbanism in the Islamic world from the 7th through the 20th century. Different types of cities ranging from Spain through Central Asia. Urbanistic and formal developments as tied to social and economic changes. Major cities include Cordoba, Cairo, Istanbul, Damascus, Baghdad, Isfahan, Samarkand, and Delhi.

HIST 327 / COMPARATIVE URBAN HISTORY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The period between the late nineteenth and mid-twentieth centuries. The spatial focus of the course is the Ottoman port cities of Istanbul and Salonica, Haussmann?s Paris, immigrant New York, the new Turkish capital of Ankara, Soviet Moscow, and Berlin during the interwar period. Exploring the relationship between the urban space and social change the course aims to illustrate the specificities and similarities of concurrent historical experiences in these different social entities.

HIST 328 / HISTORY OF CONTEMPORARY TÜRKİYE
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Discusses the political, economic, and social developments in Türkiye from the foundation of the Republic to the end of the 20th century. Focuses on the transition from the mono-party to multi-party system and its repercussions on Turkish state and society. In general, covers the evolution of reforms in the history of Türkiye taking into consideration its domestic and foreign dimensions.

HIST 332 / STATE, EMPIRE AND NATION
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

A study of state theory and state transformations with a special emphasis on the 19th and 20th centuries. The end of multi-ethnic empires and the emergence of nation states will be analyzed by comparing the cases of the Hapsburg, Russian and Ottoman Empires.

HIST 334 / CENTRAL ASIAN REPUBLICS IN TRANSITION
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The analysis of the political, economic, social, and cultural developments in the five Central Asian republics (Turkmenistan, Kazakistan, Kirgizstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan) and Azerbaijan in the Pre-Soviet (1900-1920), Soviet (1920-1991), and the Post-Soviet periods (1992-current) by focusing on the internal and external problems and challenges during these major transitions. The roles and policies of foreign countries (chiefly Russia, China, Iran, Türkiye, the US, EU, and Japan) in the region will also be studied.

HIST 335 / URBAN HISTORY OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE, 1800-1918
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The questioning of urbanism and modernity in the nineteenth and early twentieth century Ottoman Empire. Four Eastern Mediterranean Port Cities, namely Istanbul, Izmir, Salonica and Beirut. A growing world economy transforming the urban spaces of these cities. Cities located in the interior regions. Local social, political and economic dynamics of the Ottoman Empire. The process of how different segments of Ottoman society adapted to, challenged and reworked `modernity? through urban spatial organization.

HIST 337 / RELIGION AND POLITICS IN EUROPE
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Explores the complex ways in which religion and politics have been intertwined in European history, from the persecution or expulsion of infidels and heretics in the Middle Ages to the religiously based civil wars in the 20th century Balkans. Topics include religious affiliations that have been used to mark political differences, and countervailing forces that have allowed for religious coexistence and cultural pluralism.

HIST 350 / SELECTED TOPICS IN HISTORY I
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Detailed examination of current topics in History.

HIST 351 / SELECTED TOPICS IN HISTORY II
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Detailed examination of current topics in History.

HIST 360 / ECONOMIC HISTORY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition: (ECON. 100 or ECON. 202)

This course examines the representation of Islam by European writers and artists from the medieval to the modern era with special attention to the social, political and economic context in which perceptions were shaped. The study material includes both the critical literature on Orientalism, and primary sources in a wide variety of media and genres from travel literature and political tracts to painting and film.

HIST 390 / INDEPENDENT STUDY I
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Investigation of one or more topics of interest with the guidance of an instructor. Presentation of a research paper at the end of the term.

HIST 395 / INDEPENDENT STUDY
Sınıf: Credit: 1.5Precondition:

Investigation of one or more topics of interest with the guidance of an instructor. Presentation of a research paper at the end of the term.

HIST 401 / CONTEMPORARY WORLD HISTORY : 1900 - 1939
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Main themes of early twentieth-century history, with emphasis on phenomena of global significance: the Great War, the Bolshevik Revolution, the modernist disposition, the Great Depression, the beginnings of decolonization, fascism, and interwar diplomacy.

HIST 402 / CONTEMPORARY WORLD HISTORY SINCE 1939
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Main themes of later twentieth-century history, with emphasis on phenomena of global significance: World War II, the postwar economic dispensation, the Cold War, existentialism and feminism, decolonization, Maoism, problems of economic development, and the collapse of the Soviet bloc.

HIST 403 / CULTURE HERITAGE MANAGEMENT I
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Conservation, interpretation, communication and management of all archaeological and historical resources that are regarded as cultural heritage. Theoretical and methodological approaches, social and political factors, which shape our understanding and management of the cultural heritage. Examination of local and global, international and national institutions which deal with cultural heritage, the relevant legislation and conventions that impact the management of these resources.

HIST 404 / HISTORIOGRAPHY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition: HIST. 103 or consent of the instructor

Historical methods and assumptions, concentrating on historiography from the seventeenth century to the present.