General electives can be selected from all the courses offered at Koç University.

HIST 405 / CULTURE HERITAGE MANAGEMENT II
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Continuation of ARHA 404. Examination of case studies and specialized topics.

HIST 406 / EUROPEAN DIPLOMACY AND THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

European diplomatic history since the French Revolution focusing on the impact of 19th century European diplomacy on the Ottoman Empire. Concepts such as the "Balance of Power" and the "Eastern Question" are studied by investigating European policy vis-à-vis the Ottoman Empire and the Ottoman response.

HIST 409 / GENDER, CULTURE AND POLITICS
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The role of gender in public and private life and its political, cultural and social implications.

HIST 410 / HISTORY OF IDEOLOGIES : NATIONALISM, SOCIALISM AND FASCISM
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Deals with ideologies such as Marxism, Fascism, Liberalism & Social Democracy. This course also compares nationalism in European and non-European countries.

HIST 411 / COLONIALISM AND IMPERIALISM
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Concentrates on the age of High Imperialism, analyzing the policies pursued by European powers and the United States in regard to Africa, Asia and Latin America, as well as the indigenous movements in reaction to these policies and the impact of decolonization.

HIST 412 / CULTURAL HISTORY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Examines theoretical and working paradigms from anthropology, art history and critical theory to explore different approaches to selected issues in cultural history.

HIST 413 / COMPARATIVE STUDY OF REVOLUTIONS
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Main theoretical perspectives on social and political revolutions, comparing historical examples such as the French, American, Russian and Iranian Revolutions.

HIST 414 / QUANTITATIVE HISTORY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Trains social sciences, humanities, and history students to use numerical and quantitative data in their fields. Helps students acquire skills in organizing, arranging, and displaying data in social sciences and in quantitative history. Demonstrates the advantages in formulating empirically testable research questions in social sciences. Familiarizes students with the notion of a critical and data-based understanding of causation and correlation. Explains the complementarity between quantitative (i.e., sampling and significance testing, modelling time series and indexing, analyzing relationships between variables) and qualitative (i.e., textual and visual analysis) methods in the social sciences, humanities and particularly history.

HIST 415 / MODERN HISTORIOGRAPHY OF THE LATE ANTIQUE AND BYZANTINE WORLDS
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The course examines perceptions and representations of the Late Antique and Byzantine worlds in modern times. Approaches and transformations in the study of the discipline will be analyzed. Modern methods in history writing form an integral part of the course.

HIST 420 / LATE ANTIQUE AND BYZANTINE HISTORY WRITING
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

This course analyzes the broad range of historical documents contributing to the making of Late Antique and Byzantine histories.

HIST 425 / CONSTANTINOPLE 330-1453
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The history and the archaeology of the Byzantine imperial capital from its foundation to the Ottoman conquest. The functions of the built environment in relation to both historical time and urban space: the imperial palaces, the public churches, civic ritual and entertainment, economic and social services, the provision of welfare and defense, and the role of monasteries in the life of the community.

HIST 427 / PAINTING IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Introduction to painting in the Ottoman Empire through the centuries, the art of miniature painting, manuscript illustration and album making in the Ottoman palace, the formation of a distinctive style developed through the interactions of the visual traditions of the East and West. The adoption of new techniques and styles such as murals and canvas painting as a result of encounters with Western art.

HIST 433 / STATE AND SOCIETY IN THE 19TH CENTURY OTTOMAN EMPIRE
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

This course surveys the 19th century Ottoman Empire. It emphasizes political ideologies produced by the Ottoman ruling elite such as Ottomanism and the birth of Turkish nationalism. It raises the following questions in the context of the Ottoman empire in a comparative perspective: How did the Ottoman empire control its populations in the 19th century? What state policies and political ideologies became decisive in maintaining state control? Was the collapse of multi-ethnic empire inevitable in the 20th century?

HIST 440 / RISE AND FALL OF THE SOVIET UNION, 1917-1991
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Exploring the nature and significance of the Soviet experiment, the controversies to which it has given rise, and the forces, processes, and personalities that shaped the formation, transformation, and ultimate collapse of both the Soviet system and the Soviet Union.

HIST 445 / US-TURKISH RELATIONS
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition: INTL. 203 or consent of the instructor

The course focuses on the history of foreign relations between the United States and Türkiye with a particular emphasis on the Cold War era to the present.

HIST 450 / SELECTED TOPICS IN HISTORY I
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Detailed examination of current topics in History.

HIST 451 / SELECTED TOPICS IN HISTORY II
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Detailed examination of current topics in History.

HIST 452 / SELECTED TOPICS IN THE HISTORY OF ASIA
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Examines the history of a selected region of Asia from prehistoric times to the present; investigates the distinctive religious, social, economic, cultural, and political traditions of the selected region.

HIST 460 / OTTOMAN IMAGINATION: A CULTURAL HISTORY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Introducing the social uses of the production and the consumption of "imaginary realms" in the early modern Ottoman Empire. Included topics: readers, writers and production of knowledge; poetry, history and political uses of rememberence; dreams, fortune-telling and establishment of social networks. Examination of recent approaches to the early modern cultural history and Ottoman studies, Ottoman sources in translation, and Ottoman architecture through class trips to historical sites.

HIST 475 / ART AND ARCHAEOLOGY OF SELJUK PERIOD
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Introduction to the material culture of the Seljuk Period in Anatolia. Detailed examination of the architectural remains of the Seljuks, such as palaces, caravanserais, tombs, mosques, madrasas, khans and hospitals, the urbanization, art and architecture of the Seljuks.

HIST 483 / NUMISMATICS
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Introduction to the science of numismatics, both technical and applied aspects. Emphasis on the importance of coinage for an understanding of the economic, social and ideological history of the ancient world and on their significance to the archaeologist in the field.

HIST 490 / INDEPENDENT STUDY II
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Work on the research proposal resulting from HIST 390 with the guidance of an instructor, culminating in a research paper suitable for presentation.

HIST 491 / HONORS PROJECT
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Available to students with a GPA equal to or greater than 3.00 and with consent of the instructor.

HIST 495 / INDEPENDENT STUDY
Sınıf: Credit: 1.5Precondition: