General electives can be selected from all the courses offered at Koç University.

LAW 338 / LAW OF OBLIGATIONS III
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition: LAW. 205 and LAW. 206

Various types of contracts which are commonly used in practice: Sale, agency, mixed contracts. Contracts and modern technology.

LAW 340 / EUROPEAN UNION ECONOMIC LAW
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Internal Market. Free Movement of Goods. Free Movement of Capital. Free Movement of Workers. Free Movement of Services. Right of Establisment. International Economic Agreements of the EU; WTO Agreements, Association Agreements, Customs Union, EU ? Türkiye Economic Relations. EU Company Law. EU Intellectual Property Law. EU Competition Law ? Private Sector; Agreements, Decisions, Concerted Practises, Abuse of Dominant Position, Merger Control. EU Competition Law ? Public Sector; State Aids. EU Public Procurement Law.

LAW 341 / BANKING LAW
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Banking institutions and related concepts, banking licence, banking transactions, corporate governance, management structure of banks, general principles of banking law, credits, deposits, qualified liability of bank.

LAW 403 / PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW I
Sınıf: Credit: 4Precondition: LAW. 304 or consent of the instructor

Rules relating to acquisition and loss of nationality in general and under the Turkish Nationality Act; general knowledge of immigration Law, including subjects as the entrance, residence, and working in Türkiye. Conflict of Laws.

LAW 407 / LAW OF INHERITANCE
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition: (LAW. 105 and LAW. 205) or consent of the instructor

Turkish system of inheritance. Statutory successors, reserved portion. Wills and agreements of inheritance. Form of testamentary dispositions. Determination of heirs, refusal of estate, official liquidation. Partition of the estate.

LAW 409 / LAW OF ENFORCEMENT AND INSOLVENCY I
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition: (LAW. 303 and LAW. 304) or consent of the instructor

Execution of court orders, its procedure and characteristics; precautionary measures; attachment.

LAW 410 / INSURANCE LAW
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The basic concepts of the law of insurance, public oversight of insurance companies, insurance brokers, contract of insurance, obligations and duties of the insurer, policy holder and third persons.

LAW 411 / ADMIRALTY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

General introduction with historical background; sources of Turkish admiralty law; ship ownership and mortgage; damaged caused by ships; precautionary measures; marine transport. Selected topics.

LAW 414 / INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS LAW
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Legal problems of international business basically from the Turkish point of view. Emphasis will be put on the rapidly developing sectors of Turkish international business, such as international sales contracts, agency relations, transportation of goods, means of payment, unfair competition, tortuous liability for products.

LAW 416 / PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW II
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition: LAW. 403 or consent of the instructor

Conflict of laws; international civil procedure. Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments and arbitral awards.

LAW 418 / CAPITAL MARKET LAW
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition: LAW. 306

General regulations encompassing capital market instruments, issuers, publicly held corporations, investor protection, intermediary institutions, capital market investment companies, administrative regulatory aspect of capital markets, disclosure requirements, the Capital Market Board of Türkiye and its regulatory functions.

LAW 420 / LEGAL WRITING II
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Students will gain experience in advanced research and write complex legal documents, including appeals court briefs, opinion letters, and office memoranda.

LAW 422 / INTERNATIONAL TAX LAW
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

General principles of taxation applied to individuals and companies conducting cross-border transactions; the income tax aspects of (1) foreign income earned by Turkish resident taxpayers, and (2) domestic income earned by non-resident foreign taxpayers; the double taxation problem arising from such transactions which are normally taxable under the domestic rules of both state of residence and the state of source; international tax disputes arising from the application of tax treaties and procedures established under tax treaties for the solution of such disputes.

LAW 425 / LAW OF TAXATION
Sınıf: Credit: 4Precondition: (LAW. 210 and LAW. 306) or consent of the instructor

Constitutional principles of taxation, tax procedure, tax crimes and tax disputes. Income and corporate taxation and value added tax.

LAW 426 / PROCEDURAL TAX LAW
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Administrative and judicial procedural rules on tax disputes; compromise and correction procedures applied on tax disputes occurred between the tax payers and the tax administration; the judicial procedural Law applied on tax disputes held by tax courts.

LAW 429 / INTELLECTUAL AND INDUSTRIAL PROPERTY LAW
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Author's rights; patent Law; trade · mark Law. References to further Intellectual and Industrial Property Rights pertaining to particular conduct, situations or subject matters. Main international conventions and organisations, the impact of the European Union on the intellectual and industrial property legislation of Türkiye.

LAW 430 / INTERNATIONAL COMMERCIAL ARBITRATION LAW
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Basic structure of international commercial arbitration Law by reference to the arbitration rules such as ICC, DIS, LCIA and Unidroit Arbitration Rules and to different national Laws. Types and Forms of Arbitration, the Procedural Framework and Sources, Arbitration Agreements, Arbitrability and Public Policy, Establishment and Jurisdiction of the Arbitral Tribunal, Powers and Duties of Arbitrators, Conduct of Arbitral Proceedings, Challenge and Enforcement of Arbitral Awards.

LAW 431 / COMPANY TAXATION
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The rules applicable to corporations and limited liability companies; the corporate income tax rules applied on the business profits of such companies; the investment incentives (e.g. tax deductions and R&D incentives) granted to such companies; the procedural obligations of companies on company books and documentation.

LAW 433 / LABOR LAW I
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition: LAW. 205

Historical background of Labor Law; the individual employment contract; rights and obligations of the parties; organization of work and working time; remuneration; paid vacations and annual leave with pay; termination of employment contract; job security; collective dismissal; severance pay.

LAW 436 / LAW OF ENFORCEMENT AND INSOLVENCY II
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition: (LAW. 304 and LAW. 409) or consent of the instructor

Nature of bankruptcy; insolvency bodies; bankruptcy proceedings; consequences of bankruptcy; conduct of bankruptcy; rescue and rehabilitation

LAW 437 / INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT LAW
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

As an important business the movement of goods and passengers; brief introduction to international sale of goods, its relation with the transportation; parties ?other than the carrier- involved in the transport, such as freight forwarders, terminal operators; carriage of goods by all modes, i.e. sea, road, rail, air, and inland; multimodal transport; international transport conventions; contractual terms; international transport documents; parties to the contract of carriage; scope of application of the transport conventions, liability of the carrier, exoneration from liability, limits of liability, loss of right to limit, and jurisdiction.

LAW 440 / LABOR LAW II
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition: LAW. 433

Collective labor relations; organization and structure of trade unions; collective agreements; settlement of collective labor disputes; mediation and arbitration; strikes and lock-outs and their exceptions

LAW 441 / SOCIAL SECURITY LAW
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Fundamental concepts of social security law such as the social insurance, social aid and social services; financing of the social security; conclusion of the social insurance relationship; rights and duties of the persons protected as well as its results; content of the protection of the secured persons for the risks of sickness, unemployment, old-age, employment injury, maternity, invalidity and loss of life.

LAW 455 / MIXED AGREEMENTS
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

MIXED AGREEMENTS -Analysis of mixed/sui generis agreements (i.e., franchise, know-how, management agreements, distributorship agreements and contract of warranty) with focus on selected topics of Law of Obligations, including contract interpretation techniques, instruments of protection of the weak party of the contract, clauses of limitation of liability, triangular relationships,assessment of damages for breach of contract; study of application of the selected topics through their application in the field of mixed agreements.