General electives can be selected from all the courses offered at Koç University.

CAMM 517 / CELL CULTURE
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Theoretical and practical aspects of working in a cell culture laboratory. Maintenance of a cell culture laboratory; problems and solutions.

CAMM 601 / ADVANCED BIOCHEMISTRY I
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

This course will be an in-depth discussion of the discovery, molecular mechanisms and anabolic and catabolic pathways based on primary literature. Also the various metabolic disorders which are related with metabolic pathways will discussed.

CAMM 602 / PATHOGENESIS OF CHRONIC AIRWAY DISEASES
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The objectives of this lecture are to teach the anatomy and physiology of normal lung together with pathogenesis and pathophysiology of chronic airway diseases. General aspects of structure and physiology of normal lung and airways will be discussed, and clinical features of chronic airway diseases will be briefly reviewed. The mechanisms underlying diseases, inflammatory changes in airways and lung parenchyma; changes in signaling pathways, gene expression, transcription and protein synthesis will be discussed. Lectures will be performed by interactive discussions and presentations.

CAMM 604 / CELLULAR&MOLECULAR IMMUNOLOGY
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The aim of this course is to teach the basic principles of cellular and molecular immunology in details. The course will cover immune system and its components, different types of immune responses, immune mechanisms and the new developments in immunology including newly described immune cells and signal transduction pathways. Students will prepare a presentation for each scheduled topic and the course will be interactive with the discussion of each particular topic. The assessment of the students will be performed on the basis of their performance in presentations and their participation in discussion of topics.

CAMM 605 / CELLULAR&MOLECULAR IMMUNOLOGY II
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The aim of this course is to teach the basic principles of cellular and molecular immunology in details. The course is the advanced version of Cellular and Molecular Immunology-I (CAMM 604) and will cover the specialized immune system mechanisms such as allergy and tumor immunology.

CAMM 606 / TUMOR MICROENVIRONMENT OF SOLID TUMER II
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Many of the solid tumors contain significant amounts of stromal tissue. In extreme cases, such as pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, tumor stroma can be more abundant then the tumor tissue. It is becoming clear that this stromal tissue is not a bystander in disease initiation and progression. Cancer-stroma interactions effect tumorigenesis, angiogenesis, therapy resistance and possibly the metastatic spread of tumor cells. Therefore, targeting the tumor stroma, in combination with chemotherapy, is a promising new option for the treatment of pancreatic cancer. In this course, we will discuss in depth the following issues: 1) How can stromal activity be used to detect early steps of carcinogenesis? 2) What is the effect of perpetual extracellular tissue formation and deposition on angiogenesis and tissue perfusion? 3) How can stroma impact on therapy resistance? 4) What is the impact of stroma on metastatic spread of tumor cells? 5) Does tumor stroma also have functions to locally confine the tumor?

CAMM 607 / INTRODUCTION TO MOLECULAR BIOLOGY AND TECHNIQUES
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

This course is designed to give an introduction to the key concepts of molecular biology and its applications commonly used in research laboratories. The emphasis will be on the analysis of DNA and RNA structure, DNA replication, biochemistry of transcription and translation. Basic methods of molecular biology such as DNA and RNA isolation, gel electrophoresis, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), DNA sequencing, Southern (DNA) blotting, Northern (RNA) blotting and Western blotting will be discussed. The basic principles of flow cytometry and its use will also be covered during this course.

CAMM 609 / PHARMACOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF DRUG RESPONSE
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Understanding how drugs show their effects in biological systems and quantifying the drug response are integral parts of the drug discovery process. In this course, the aim is to introduce receptor theory and to allow the practice of its fundamental methods and applications. At the end of the course, students will be able to perform a pharmacological analysis of the drug response.

CAMM 611 / EPIGENETIC & GENETIC REGULATION of LIVER FIBROSIS
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Liver fibrosis is a progressive clinical condition accompanying chronic liver disease, which results from persisting liver injury. Liver fibrosis is characterised by accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins. This course is going to focus on genetic and epigenetic regulation of matrix generator hepatic stellate cells.

CAMM 612 / FROM GENETICS TO TRANSLATIONAL GENOMICS
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The course will focus primarily on the biochemical processes that underlie cellular function, with a particular emphasis on central dogma, protein structure and function, and energy metabolism. Moreover, the function of particular organelles, including cell membranes, intracellular compartments and cytoskeleton and the relevance of these structures on processes like cell signaling and mitosis will be broadly covered. Finally, how malfunctioning in the above mentioned cellular processes cause diseases and their progression along with up-to-date novel treatment options will be discussed. Students will also have a general idea about the methodology adopted to investigate and analyze cellular systems. Students are expected to prepare and present a grant proposal based on the knowledge gained through the course content.

CAMM 613 / RESEARCH METHODS IN CELLULAR & MOLECULAR MEDICINE
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The aim of the course is to give students experience in selected methods used in cellular and molecular medicine. The course comprises of a theoretical lecture closely integrated with practical experimentation. The hands on practical classes will enable the student to learn the techniques and experimental strategies of modern biochemical and molecular biological research. Macromolecules that are covered are proteins and DNA. Methods utilized are; purification of macromolecules, chromatography, gel electrophoresis, protein quantification, application of antibodies, propagation of plasmids in bacteria, isolation and characterization of plasmid DNA, introduction of genes into mammalian cells and observation of protein expression in cells.

CAMM 614 / HEPATIC INFLAMMATION & FIBROSIS
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Liver fibrosis is a progressive clinical condition accompanying chronic liver disease, which results from persisting liver injury. Liver fibrosis is characterised by accumulation of extracellular matrix proteins. This course is going to focus on mechanisms of hepatic inflammation and fibrosis.

CAMM 690 / PhD SEMINAR COURSE
Sınıf: Credit: 0Precondition:

This course is non-credit and aims to increase the scientific interaction between students and improve their presentation skills with the participation of students from all interdisciplinary programs. The Seminar course which is consisting of presentation of the studies and researches in front of the community within the framework of the techniques determined with the guidance of the advisor, and question and answer part are graded each semester.

CAMM 695 / PhD THESIS
Sınıf: Credit: 0Precondition:

This course is non-credit course which the supervisor evaluates the student's thesis work. It covers all the studies and researches to be carried out on the thesis subject determined by the guidance of the advisor and is graded each semester by the advisor.

GSHS 501 / RESEARCH ETHICS/MEDICAL AND BIOETHICS
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Ethical principles in biomedical research, biosafety, ethics in animal studies, human and patients' rights, ethics in clinical research, national and international examples in publication ethics and principles will be discussed. Course will be completed via CITI online education program.

HSGN 501 / PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND NURSING EVALUATION I
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Examination of normal physiological processes of the cell and symptom - findings related to disease at cell level; cell, genetic control of cell proliferation and cancer; homeostasis; physiology of stress and disease, cell damage and adaptation, cell membrane physiology, acid-base equilibrium and imbalance, fluid-electrolyte equilibrium and imbalance

HSGN 502 / PHYSIOLOGICAL PROCESSES AND NURSING EVALUATION II
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

Basic physiology of body systems, physiopathology of diseases, causes of symptom - finding and discussion of nursing care: cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, digestive, endocrine, nervous system and blood cells and immune system.

HSGN 503 / CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK IN NURSING
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

In this course the student will examine the relationship of the four basic concepts of nursing (i.e. the individual, health, environment, and nursing) to the concepts of stress, anxiety, hope-hopelessness, loneliness, loss, crisis, body perception-body image, sensory deprivation and weakness in connection with sick individuals. The student is expected to gain knowledge towards the integration of these human conditions encountered in nursing practice into nursing care.

HSGN 504 / CURRENT TRENDS AND COUNSELING SERVICES IN FAMILY PLANNING
Sınıf: Credit: 5Precondition:

The aim of this course is to facilitate learning and skills development on the impact of high fertility on maternal and child health indicators, family planning methods used in Türkiye and in the world, and family planning counseling in light of current developments.

HSGN 505 / BIOSTATISTICS
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

In this course the student will examine frequency distributions, distribution criteria, probabality and probability distribution, discrete and continuous distributions, normal distribution, hypothesis testing and confidence intervals of means, significance testing of differences between group means, significance testing in paired analysis, chi-square tests, inferential tests, regression analysis, hypothesis testing, confidence intervals in simple lineer regression, and correlation analysis.

HSGN 506 / RESEARCH IN NURSING
Sınıf: Credit: 4Precondition:

This course prepares the student for the nursing research process: defining the problem, the research question/ developing the hypothesis, research design, sampling, data collection, and reporting research results. The importance of research, the research and publication process and its scientific and ethical aspects will be also covered to prepare the student for a master’s thesis.

HSGN 507 / WOMEN'S HEALTH NURSING
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

In this course the student will examine nursing care in relation to reproductive health: adolescence, prevention, treatment and care of sexually transmitted diseases, common infections in women, miscarriage and women?s health, menopause, cancer in women, women in old-age health and nursing care, and osteoporosis. The student is also expected to learn current knowledge in topics related to women?s place in society such as gender roles, women?s health in Türkiye, international meetings about women?s issues and reflections on Türkiye, women?s rights, health issues in women, violence and women, women in politics, religion, urbanization and the workplace.

HSGN 508 / PRACTICE IN WOMEN'S HEALTH NURSING
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The aim of this course is to help the student develop the skill to assess and provide care during and after the labour and delivery process, perform delivery, and provide the mother and newborn with preliminary post-natal care. The student is expected to gain theoretical knowledge about normal labor & delivery processes, assess cervical dilatation and effacement, monitor the infusion of induction, assess fetal positioning, presentation and engagement, assess uterine contractions during labour, monitor and evaluate NST (non-stress test)/OCT (oxytocin challenge test), perform delivery, newborn, and perineum care, provide breastfeeding guidance, uterine involution follow-up and physical assessment of the newborn.

HSGN 509 / PERINATALOGY NURSING
Sınıf: Credit: 3Precondition:

The aim of this course is to facilitate learning and skills in the areas of reproductive health, safe motherhood, global and regional maternal mortality, the anatomy and physiology of the reproductive system, physical and psychological changes during pregnancy, prenatal care, psychosocial adaptation to pregnancy, the process and stage of delivery, pain control during delivery, conception and fetal development, postpartum adaptation and care, issues related to the care of the normal newborn, high-risk pregnancy, delivery, the postpartum process and the neonate.